Wednesday, May 23, 2018

Ken Silverstein says it all

Doesn't this say it all?

Anyone who thinks Trump, deranged and dangerous but term-limited, poses a greater long-term threat to democracy than unelected tech monopolist/oligarch CEOs, is completely clueless.


The so-called resistance is embracing a number of wolves who, once in the hen house, will quickly slaughter them.
This is C.I.'s "Iraq snapshot" for Tuesday:

Tuesday, May 22, 2018.  Who created ISIS, will Turkey be allowed on the ground in Iraq under the next prime minister and other questions.

Consider the following.

Who created ISIS?

1. ISIS commander, Gulmurod Khalimov, former US-trained special forces commander from Tajikistan

2. ISIS commander, Abu Omar al-Shishani, trained by US special-forces in Georgia

Strange, isn't it?  Tommy Vietor, Ben Rhodes, Susan Rice and Samantha Powers -- among so many others -- don't address that Tweet but they're online constantly.  They're the former administration that can't shut the f**k up -- though goodness knows they should.  Corrupt and known for lying, they just keep going, pretending that someone needs them, that they're of the people when the truth is, they work the basement of the bordello.

From way down below to the air space above Iraq, WORLD BULLETIN reports Turkish war planes bombed three areas of northern Iraq yesterday.  As always, they claimed they only targeted the PKK.

The PKK?

The PKK has headquarters in the mountains of northern Iraq which had created problems for the KRG and Turkey.    Aaron Hess (International Socialist Review) described the PKK in 2008, "The PKK emerged in 1984 as a major force in response to Turkey's oppression of its Kurdish population. Since the late 1970s, Turkey has waged a relentless war of attrition that has killed tens of thousands of Kurds and driven millions from their homes. The Kurds are the world's largest stateless population -- whose main population concentration straddles Turkey, Iraq, Iran, and Syria -- and have been the victims of imperialist wars and manipulation since the colonial period. While Turkey has granted limited rights to the Kurds in recent years in order to accommodate the European Union, which it seeks to join, even these are now at risk."

Turkish war planes tend to bomb farms in northern Iraq -- killing farmers and animals -- which the Turkish government later claims were terrorists.

They apparently finally found some terrorists (or at least some fighters) when they finally left their war planes.  ANADOLU AGENCY reports, "Two Turkish soldiers were killed during an attack by outlawed Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) militants in northern Iraq, the Turkish army said on May 21. In a written statement, the Turkish General Staff said two soldiers were also wounded in the attack."

28 soldiers of occupier Turkish army and 3 mercenaries (Köy Korucusu) killed in clashes with Kurdish Freedom Fighters of in Bradost region of South Kurdistan ().

The PKK and Turkey have been fighting for decades.  Nouri al-Maliki, in 2012, when he was prime minister, promised to end the PKK but he didn't.  When does this end?

Maybe this year?

Moqtada al-Sadr, as we've noted repeatedly, does not want foreign forces in Iraq.  The western press portrays that as US troops.  But it's not just the US troops he objects to.  Turkish troops have been very controversial in Iraq with most Iraqis feeling their country's sovereignty is violated by having Turkish troops on the ground (or even bombing the country from war planes).  In a new Iraq, Turkey could find itself expelled.

Nationalist Sadr’s Iraq election wins surprises regional rivals
“Under Sadr, Turkey will be forced to pack up and leave. He wants Iran and Turkey out.” told By

Unexpected shifting 👍🏻

Meanwhile, justice in Iraq.  Corey Charlton (THE SUN) notes:

DOZENS of foreign ISIS brides are being sentenced to death in Iraq as the country exacts its revenge after three years of jihadi occupation.
Begging that they themselves are victims, the women were given 10 minutes to plead for their lives before judges decide their sentence.

Martin Chulov and Nadia al-Faour (GUARDIAN) add:

Up to 1,000 women accused of belonging to Isis were rounded up from the ruins of Iraq’s towns and cities and are now being held in Baghdad to face a reckoning from a society and government that remains deeply scarred by the past four years, with much of their anger directed at foreign fighters and their families. Up to 820 infants accompany the women, with some others yet to be born.
The proceedings had a sense of urgency, and so did the 10-minute hearings in Baghdad’s central criminal court that have summarily dispensed with the accused foreign women, sentencing more than 40 to death, and dozens more to life in prison since the so-called caliphate crumbled.

Who is Moqtada al-Sadr?  The Shi'ite cleric and movement leader has been a public fixture since the start of the Iraq War but that doesn't stop the western press from treating him like a riddle after this month's election.  In an otherwise worthless piece for TIME, James Muldoon and Yasamin Alttahir offer:

The average Iraqi living outside Baghdad still can’t reliably switch on a light or run a shower, let alone find a job with a living wage paid on time or attend a decent school.
Al-Sadr’s electoral victory is indicative of the Iraqi people’s rejection of self-serving Western intervention in the country. While the West has been preoccupied with gaining political influence, a real opportunity has been squandered to foster a culture of democracy and respect for human rights. The Iraqi people are now fed up with a lack of progress on addressing poverty, corruption and the need for essential services.

A better analysis is offered at the US Congress funded US Institute of Peace by Sarhang Hamasaeed:

What does Shia cleric Moqtada al-Sadr’s surprise showing mean in terms of the future of the Iraqi parliament?

Al-Sadr’s lead, should he be able to maintain it, will give him a strong position in the Council of Representatives (Iraq’s parliament), which in turn will give him a chance at building the biggest block for choosing the prime minister and forming the new government. In most scenarios, he could play a role as kingmaker. He will continue to push for reforms, as he is has increasingly done in recent years, and is supported by an active constituency that he has shown he can bring to the street for public support. In Iraq, coalitions always change after the elections, so al-Sadr’s coalition could grow stronger or fragment. 
It is worth noting that al-Sadr’s strong showing is relative to the poor performance of other leading figures, among other factors. For example, incumbent Prime Minister Haidar al-Abadi and his immediate predecessor, Nouri al-Maliki, had their votes split within their al-Dawa party.  

What does al-Sadr’s electoral victory say about anti-Iran sentiment in Iraq? Has Tehran lost influence?

It is true that al-Sadr has grown unpredictable and distanced himself from Iran, but he still maintains a relationship although his pre-election alliance represented a more cross-sectarian Iraqi sentiment. However, Iran-backed parties and coalitions also fared well. For example, the Fatih coalition that represents the interests of the Popular Mobilization Forces (PMF) and is supported and favored by Tehran, secured the second highest number in many provinces according to the preliminary results, a significant increase that will allow them to provide legal, political and economic aid to the PMF. However, it is still too early to determine the net effect of the elections on Iran’s influence.

How will the United States deal with Moqtada al-Sadr, as he will likely play a key role in choosing the next Iraqi prime minister?

Should al-Sadr’s coalition be able to form a government it will create complex dynamics for him and the United States. The joint history of hostility looms large and will make it difficult for both sides to work with each other. Even if they may not state that publicly, there is mutual benefit to both sides to find a way to work with each other even if indirectly. If al-Sadr can pull Iraq away from Iran (not necessarily toward the U.S. or Sunni countries) to stand on its own, it is good news for the U.S. and the Gulf countries. In the same way, security and political support from the U.S. to Iraq and its institutions will increase the chances of the next government of Iraq succeeding and relying less on influential neighbors who seek to compensate their support with influence inside the country. 

The U.S. has indicated that they have a good relationship with the government of Iraq and hope to continue that even if a new prime minister is chosen. Al-Sadr has been increasingly open to international support to Iraq in the past few years. It is possible both sides can have their interests served.

The Institute also notes:

Iraqis are increasingly resolving their differences nonviolently, says . Moqtada al-Sadr and others have gone from leading militias to organizing sit-ins, and that's a positive sign, he says.

Moqtada wants an inclusive Iraq -- but that doesn't mean everyone's invited.

Sadr’s tweet excluded mention of Former Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki’s State of Law Coalition, al-Fatih led by Shia militia leader Hadi al-Amiri, and the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK), all known for having close ties to Iran.

Nouri al-Maliki, former prime minister and forever thug.  Things didn't work out very well for him, did it?

He is responsible for the rise of the Islamic State in Iraq -- the Sunni group got its standing from Nouri's non-stop persecution of Sunnis.

Obama long supported Nouri Al-Maliki which is in fact the strongest Iranian man in Iraq and covered all his crimes against the Iraq sunnis#IranRegimeChange

Yes, Barack was Nouri's friend.

To her credit, Hillary Clinton publicly labeled Nouri a thug in a 2008 Senate hearing.

But Barack played footsie with Nouri.  Mainly because Samantha Power assured Barack that Iraq needed a "strong man" and that the man was Nouri.  So, in 2010, when Nouri lost in the elections, Barack overturned the results with The Erbil Agreement in order to give Nouri the second term that the Iraqi people didn't want him to have.

He was already a known thug -- again, Hillary publicly labeled him such in a 2008 Senate hearing -- and he only got worse.  Secret jails and prison, kidnapping journalists who dared to cover protests, arresting people who had committed no crimes (and were not accused of committing any), disappearing them and so much more.

But Barack stood by him.

Finally, in 2012, there was a falling out.

They had a falling out.

Nouri was caught unaware.  It was after the 2012 US presidential election, the day after, and Nouri called the White House to congratulate Barack.

Barack refused to take the call and pushed him off on Joe Biden.

Even so, Barack did nothing to help the Iraqis suffering.

In March of 2013, they directly appealed to Barack.

   From Samarra من سامراء

Iraqis in Samarra with a message for the world (photo via Iraqi Spring MC). 
He ignored them before finally, over a year later, informed Nouri there would be no third term.  Barack then made Hayder al-Abadi the prime minister of Iraq.
Having done the bidding of the US government for so long, Nouri was hurt.  He's still hurting.  And he's still out of power.

New content at THIRD:

The following community sites updated:

  • Tuesday, May 22, 2018

    The wealth is obscene

    I had noted the keto diet back in March (? February?) so I need to do an update.  This is from LIVE SCIENCE:




    The keto diet, short for "ketogenic," involves eating a high amount of fat, a moderate amount of protein and very few carbs — even fruit is off the table. As with any fad diet, adherents tout weight loss, increased energy and greater mental clarity among the benefits. But is the keto diet all it's cracked up to be?

    Not precisely, nutritionists and dietitians say. Low-carb diets like the keto do appear to lead to some short-term weight loss, but they're not significantly more effective than any other commercial or self-help diet. And they don't appear to improve athletic performance. [Diet and Weight Loss: The Best Ways to Eat]

    Depending on your approach, [keto diets] can contribute to significant lean body mass loss along with fat loss," said Melinda Manore, a professor of nutrition at Oregon State University. (Typically, dieters want to shed only fat, not lean body mass, which includes muscle.) And as with other fad diets, people typically regain the weight once they go off the diet.




    To be clear, I noted it for diabetics.  And I can also note that I checked with my sister first (the big brain in the family who is an endocrinologist). 


    Now, Jesus, Joseph and Mary.  This report by Eric London (WSWS) made me gasp and then made me very depressed:


    American television viewers and newspaper readers were inundated this weekend with banner headlines and around-the-clock coverage of the royal wedding of Prince Harry of the British House of Windsor and his American partner, Meghan Markle.

    The major networks deployed an army of reporters to present the wedding as an historic event. CNN called it “an electrifying affair that will live long in the memory.” ABC called the wedding “a love locomotive,” while the phrase “A Modern Fairytale” appeared as an on-screen banner. The coverage provided no hint that the United States was born out of a violent struggle against the British crown—a revolution that produced a Constitution banning titles of nobility.

    How is the fawning praise for aristocracy by the American media establishment to be explained?

    It is rooted in the staggering growth of social inequality, which continues to enrich a modern-day financial aristocracy that exercises oligarchic rule all over the world. The historically unprecedented concentration of wealth at the very pinnacle of society inevitably breeds envy of the British nobility, with its titles and caste privileges, within the ruling elite of the American “republic” and its well-paid apologists.

    The material and social basis of this longing for monarchy finds new documentation in the publication last week of the Wealth-X “Billionaire Census.” It shows that a tiny group of billionaires is continuing to increase the immense scale of the fortunes it has amassed at the expense of billions of workers and poor people worldwide.

    The Wealth-X report shows that the world’s billionaire population has grown by 15 percent, to 2,754 people, since 2016, and that the wealth of these billionaires “surged by 24 percent to a record level of $9.2 trillion,” equivalent to 12 percent of the gross domestic product of the entire planet.

    Billionaires the world over increased their wealth, but nowhere did they make as much money as in the United States and Asia. The wealth of the 727 billionaires in North America increased by 22.8 percent to a total of $3.3 trillion, a rate outpaced only by the 49.4 percent wealth increase among Asia’s 784 billionaires, who recorded a combined fortune of $2.4 trillion in 2018.


    Is that not appalling?  The working class in this country and elsewhere struggle and the rich get richer.  We need a tax plan that’s fair.  We need to use tax dollars for public goods – parks, libraries, schools, local music events in parks, etc.  The money does not need to go in Daddy Warbucks’ account.  It needs to go We The People and benefit all of us.


    This is C.I.'s "Iraq snapshot" for Monday:

    Monday, April 21, 2018.  Moqtada al-Sadr's bloc is the largest vote getter in the recent elections (officially the largest).

    The rise of Iraq's maverick Shiite cleric could threaten Iran's claim to speak for Iraq's Shiite majority.

    One minute, the western press is whining that Moqtada al-Sadr's win is a defeat for the US, the next it's a defeat for Iran.

    Ted Galen Carpenter (THE NATIONAL INTEREST) offers:

    The results of Iraq’s parliamentary elections confirm that U.S. leaders and the American news media still don’t have a clue about the complex political dynamics in that country. Experts and pundits expected U.S.-backed incumbent Prime Minister Haidar al-Abadi’s party to prevail. Instead the party headed by radical Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr won a plurality of the votes. Sadr is a long-time U.S. nemesis who opposes Washington’s Middle East policy agenda and especially the presence of American troops in Iraq. Indeed, during the years immediately following Washington’s war to depose Saddam Hussein, Sadr’s armed followers frequently clashed with U.S. occupation forces.
    His resurgent political prominence is more than a little worrisome to Trump administration officials. But from their standpoint, Sadr does have one virtue: he dislikes Iranian influence in his country almost as much as he does U.S. influence. His stance is solid evidence that Shiite solidarity goes only so far. Despite the mutual religious identity, there still is a significant, historical tension between Arabs and Persians that surfaces from time to time. Sadr epitomizes that ethnic distrust.

    1) No, the US leaders and news media don't have a clue.

    2) Yes, they were wrong about Hayder al-Abadi's big victory that never happened.

    3) The Shi'ite cleric and movement leader is an 'enemy' of any foreign interference in Iraq.

    That's why the governments of Iran and the United States are both upset with the results.

    Moqtada al-Sadr, if he has his way, will put Iraq first.  That's apparently threatening to the governments of the US and Iran.  It's a threat even though it's what's expected of any leader: to protect their own country and its people.

    RT notes:

    Former US Air Force intelligence officer and CNN contributor, Rick Francona, lamented on Twitter that al-Sadr's victory "will be a major setback for American foreign policy in Iraq and by extension, Syria," adding that with al-Sadr's bloc at the helm, Iraq will now likely "demand the withdrawal of American/coalition forces from the country."
    "Americans died fighting this man's militia. Now he's a kingmaker in an Iraq dominated by Iran," echoed intelligence and national security reporter for the NBC News Investigative Unit, Ken Dilanian. "The US spent $1 trillion on this war. What folly. What waste."

    The waste is that US forces might have to leave Iraq?  Wow.  CNN and NBC make clear that they exist to sell war, don't they?  They did it right before the start of the Iraq War and they do it now.  The Iraq War was long ago lost by the US government.  Troops should have been pulled out long ago.  But War Hawks can't admit defeat -- for all their claims of being realists.

    The news media in the US does not exist to inform the American people, the news media exists to herd and manipulate the American people.  That is at the heart of the nonsense called 'fake news.'  'Fake news' had no effect on the 2016 election.  But the popularization of the term and the rush to fix the non-problem are about stifling dissent and controlling the internet.  FACEBOOK is not your friend.  It's not in place to help you.  It has always been a means of profit and a means of control.  That is why it exists now, it's why it has always existed.

    Last week, some of these issues were discussed when Nellie Bailey and Glen Ford (BLACK AGENDA RADIO) spoke with Ajamu Baraka.

    Today BLACK AGENDA REPORT, WSWS and other outlets that attempt to tell the truth are under attack.  It's no different than it's always been in the US though we pretend those days are over -- the days when a Paul Robeson, for example, or a Jane Fonda protesting the Vietnam War are demonized with lies and attacks from the press and the government -- which always seem to operate as one, don't they?  Because for all intents and purposes, that's what they are.

    They work arm in arm to defeat and destroy any who speak out.

    Under the Christ-child Barack Obama, for example, where was the objection as David Remnick all but banned noted investigative reporter Seymour Hersh from THE NEW YORKER?  It wasn't a good business decision -- subscriptions dropped (not a surprise, Hersh's scoops had helped draw attention to a weekly that offered very little).  It also wasn't good for the press.  Hersh didn't find a US corporate outlet and had to publish his investigative reports in THE LONDON REVIEW OF BOOKS.  David Remnick should be ashamed of himself -- so should the US press for tolerating that.  Instead, many of them engaged in attacks on Hersh because, under Barack Walks On Water, Hersh continued to apply journalistic standards.

    No president will ever again have it as easy as Barack -- for a number of reasons.  But if you didn't object when Hersh, one of our most noted investigative reporters, was forced to publish solely in foreign outlets, you are part of the problem.

    David Remnick is not a journalist and should not be treated as such.  He is a censor.  He is an opponent of a free press.  If you're a bra-less idiot married to a gay man while you pass yourself off as straight (when you're bi), then embrace Remnick -- as you know who has. The only thing sadder then her failed film career?  Her very low i.q.

    The corporate media in the US exists to obscure.

    Take the news that the US government (FBI and CIA -- apparently under Barack's authority) planted a spy in Donald Trump's presidential campaign.  This has led Donald to note that, if true, this would be worse than Watergate.  He is correct on that.  This would be a major abuse of power.  Barry Grey (WSWS) notes:

    The latest developments in the political warfare in Washington underscore the reactionary and anti-democratic character of both factions within the ruling class and the state. For the working class, there is absolutely nothing to choose from in the struggle between the ultra-nationalist, anti-immigrant and pro-corporate forces fronted by the billionaire real estate and gambling mogul and the no less pro-corporate allies of the FBI, CIA and National Security Agency who are represented by the Democratic Party and most of the corporate media.
    The Democrats are doing nothing to oppose Trump’s attacks on Medicaid, food stamps and a host of other social programs, or his tax handouts for the rich. They fully support his massive increase in military spending. They instead oppose Trump from the reactionary standpoint that he is “too soft” on Russia and too reluctant to escalate the US military intervention in Syria. This is combined with concerns that he is not up to confronting the threat to the entire political and economic system posed by the growing resistance of the working class to capitalist austerity and inequality.
    Minority Leader Charles Schumer (Democrat from New York) responded to Trump’s tweets in a speech delivered Thursday from the floor of the Senate. Schumer declared: “I would say to the president, it’s not a ‘witch-hunt’ when 17 Russians have been indicted. It’s not a witch-hunt when some of the most senior members of the Trump campaign have been indicted. It’s not a witch-hunt when Democrats and Republicans agree with the intelligence community that Russia interfered in our election to aid President Trump.”
    In other words, it’s not a witch-hunt if the intelligence and police agencies of the capitalist state—responsible for countless crimes, assassinations, wars, frame-ups and coups, all based on lies—say it’s not a witch-hunt.
    Friday’s Washington Post carried an op-ed piece by Democratic columnist Ruth Marcus headlined “The witches are real.” She wrote: “Our system—in particular, a Justice Department that is part of the executive branch but that maintains necessary independence from political meddling; prosecutors who operate in appropriate secrecy but within guidelines and with judicial oversight—is working as intended…

    “Nothing in the conduct of the Mueller probe suggests anything other than the diligent professionalism that he is known for.”
    No evidence has been presented to substantiate the allegations of Russian government “meddling” in the US elections or the claim that Vladimir Putin was instrumental in tipping the electoral vote to Trump. The widely cited “proof” of Russian efforts on social media to “sow discord,” discredit American “democracy” and boost Trump actually points to the concocted character of the entire anti-Russian narrative. The alleged purchase by unidentified Russians of $100,000 worth of Facebook ads, even if true, would be less than a footnote in a $4 billion presidential campaign.

    Ruth Marcus exists to be a voice for the CIA.  THE WASHINGTON POST, apparently, feels they are not represented without Ruth's presence on their op-ed pages.  Bill Van Auken (WSWS) observes:

    The naming of Stefan Halper as the individual sent by the FBI to spy on the Trump campaign during the 2016 election campaign has further inflamed the political warfare raging within the US state apparatus and political establishment. Halper is a long-time CIA asset with deep ties to US and British intelligence.
    Published reports that the FBI had used a confidential informant to gather information on the Trump campaign led US President Donald Trump to announce via Twitter on Sunday, “I hereby demand, and will do so officially tomorrow, that the Department of Justice look into whether or not the FBI/DOJ infiltrated or surveilled the Trump Campaign for Political Purposes, and if any such demands or requests were made by people within the Obama Administration!”
    Repeating his denunciation of the year-old probe by Robert Mueller, the special counsel who is investigating alleged Russian interference in the 2016 election and possible collusion by the Trump campaign, as a “witch hunt,” Trump declared last week that the report of FBI spying on his campaign was a political scandal “bigger than Watergate.”
    A few hours after Trump’s latest tweet, Deputy Attorney General Rod Rosenstein issued a statement saying that the Department of Justice had referred the matter to its inspector general, who is already reviewing applications to the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court to monitor former Trump campaign adviser Carter Page. Rosenstein said the inspector general would determine “whether there was any impropriety or political motivation in how the FBI conducted its counterintelligence investigation of persons suspected of involvement with the Russian agents who interfered in the 2016 presidential election.”
    The identification of Halper—who was implicated as the leading figure in a conspiracy by intelligence agents to subvert then-President Jimmy Carter’s re-election campaign in 1980—as the covert FBI spy has been the subject of a heated debate in Washington and the media.
    Both the New York Times and the Washington Post, the two papers of record for the US political establishment, have studiously observed the demands of the FBI to conceal Halper’s identity.
    The Post reported that it was concealing the identity of the spy from the American people because of “warnings from US intelligence officials that exposing him could endanger him or his contacts.” For its part, the Times merely indicated that it was following standard operating procedure, stating that it “has learned the source’s identity but typically does not name informants to preserve their safety.” Nothing could more nakedly expose the US media as a propaganda extension of the American intelligence agencies.
    The White House has backed the Republican chairman of the House Intelligence Committee, Rep. Devin Nunes of California, who issued congressional subpoenas demanding that the Justice Department turn over documents on the origins of the investigation into the Trump campaign and the role of FBI spies. Nunes has demanded that Deputy Attorney General Rod Rosenstein be held in contempt of Congress for refusing to turn over the documents.
    Democrats have rallied behind the FBI’s defiance of congressional oversight. Leading Democrats have rushed to the defense of the intelligence agencies, denouncing Trump and Nunes for allegedly placing US security at risk.

    Senator Mark Warner, the ranking Democrat on the Senate intelligence panel, appeared on the CBS News program “Face the Nation” Sunday—well after Halper’s identity as the FBI covert agent had already been revealed by a number of publications—to threaten that “when individuals want to try to reveal classified information about the identity of an FBI or CIA source, that is against the law.”

    Mark Warner is worried about the law?

    Strange he wasn't worried last week when he voted Gina the Torture Queen to be the director of the CIA.  Strange that he seems to believe only the CIA knows secrets that could embarrass him.  Mark, we pretty much all know those secrets.

    Back to Iraq, Abdulrahman Al-Rashed (ASHARQ AL-AWSAT) notes:

    The current phase is more important for Iraq than the previous stages we’ve witnessed ever since Saddam was toppled. If the Iraqis succeed in reaching an agreement to form a cabinet that enjoys the parliament’s approval and adopts a national agenda, then the coming years will settle sensitive issues pertaining to Iraq’s unity, strengthening the central authority, disbanding militias or integrating them in the armed forces, cutting ties with foreign parties and launching a development project that will be the first since the Iraqi-Iranian war in 1980. This is why selecting a strong prime minister is a popular request and a significant event. However, is this possible given the difficulty in forming a cabinet that must be composed of several political powers?

    The consultations are mostly happening with leader of the Sairoon Alliance al-Sadr, who is now leading the political process, which he was one of its critics in the past. Sadr had criticized the spread of corruption among the political class and lack of patriotism. He had also stood against sectarianism. No matter how perfect he is, the formation of any government coalition requires concessions.

    Some outlets are reporting that Moqtada has 90 days to form a government.


    Moqtada will not be forming a government.  He does not want to be prime minister so he did not run for Parliament.  Only an MP can be prime minister.

    The 90 day rule applies once the Parliament recognizes someone as prime minister-designate.  Once recognized, they have 90 days to form a government.

    If they can't?

    What's legally supposed to happen is that the Parliament has to re-name them or name someone else.

    In practice, this has not happened.

    If it is followed this go round -- the Iraqi Constitution, then the person will have 90 days to form a government.  That means 90 days to put together a Cabinet which must be approved by Parliament.  Again, this has not been followed.  It may be this go round.